Something about this topic really lit a spark in me because I really do think I relate to it so well. Because, half of my family is religious and then the other half defines themselves as a Secular Jew. It was really nice to learn the history In the beginning of the lecture. Elliot was talking about Israel’s history about being ruled over by the Ottoman empire. He was explaining the Millet system that each religious community was separated from other groups. But what happens to the people who are confused doesn’t know their religious identity? So this is where the debate starts between the Secular Jews and the Religious Jews in Israel. But why is the Millet System still in place in Israel even though after World War 2 happened the Ottoman empire was no longer an empire? It’s because the Secular and Religious Rabbis couldn’t stop fighting and couldn’t agree anything only that they are Jews. As the lecture went on Elliot continued showing us Israel’s Declaration “it will be based on freedom, justice and peace…it will enure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion,race, or sex”. In Israel, the government elects dozens of religious officials and they can practice their own religion including mulisms and christans. So that brings us back to the question: what about the Secular jews who don’t know their jewish identity? Well, the topic of Secular vs. Religious jews debate was brought up again in 1993 and that sparked conversation in Israel. Because, in Israel school systems are separated between secular jews that are not gaining as much of learning as the religious jews in school. And that led to a social Justice protest in 2011. This debate brought many main issues that were pushed aside like public transportation and labor/employment/businesses opening on shabbat,Kashrut,Jewsih learning,and marriage. Religious pluralism is really important and there needs to be more conversation about this topic.